Barbara Nicholas (née Butland) is a part-time Lecturer in Medical Statistics in the Population Health Research Institute. Her research interests include the study of asthma and allergic disease, air pollution epidemiology and trends over time in deaths from volatile substance abuse.
She has published papers investigating potential risk factors for wheezing illness, the association between atopy and asthma, and changes over time in the prevalence of asthma, hay fever and eczema.
She was involved in the year on year analysis of the St George’s volatile substance abuse (VSA) mortality database. This work recently culminated in a publication summarising trends in VSA deaths in the UK over the 25 year period from 1983 to 2007.
She is currently investigating how statistical simulation may be used to assess the impact of measurement error (error in measuring pollution) on the results of a Poisson regression time-series analysis of air pollution and health.
Barbara Nicholas (née Butland) joined St George's in 1991. Previously she worked as a junior statistician at the Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, South Wales and as a higher scientific officer (Epidemiology Group) at the National Radiology Protection Board, Didcot. She graduated in 1982 with a BSc in Mathematics (Statistics) from the University of Kent at Canterbury and in 1985 with a MSc in Applied Statistics from the University of Southampton. She publishes under her maiden name of Butland.
Ghosh RE, Cullinan P, Fishwick D, Hoyle J, Warburton CJ, Strachan DP, Butland BK, Jarvis D. Asthma and occupation in the 1958 birth cohort. Thorax 2013;68(4):365-371.
Butland BK, Field-Smith ME, Ramsey JD, Anderson HR. Twenty-five years of volatile substance abuse mortality: a national mortality surveillance programme. Addiction 2013;108(2):385-393.
Anderson HR, Butland BK, van Donkelaar A, Brauer M, Strachan DP, Clayton T, van Dingenen R, Amann M, Brunekreef B, Cohen A, Dentener F, Lai C, Lamsal LN, Martin RV, and the ISAAC Phase One and Phase Three study groups. Satellite-based estimates of ambient air pollution and global variations in childhood asthma prevalence. Environ Health Perspect 2012;120(9):1333-1339.
Butland BK, Ghosh R, Strachan DP, Cullinan P, Jarvis D. Job choice and the influence of prior asthma and hayfever. Occup Environ Med 2011;68(7):494-501.
Butland BK, Anderson HR, Cates CJ. Bronchodilator treatment and asthma death: a new analysis of a British case-control study. Respir Med 2011; 105(4);549-557.
Butland BK, Strachan DP, Rudnicka AR. C-reactive protein, obesity, atopy and asthma symptoms in middle-aged adults. Eur Resp J 2008;32(1):77-84.
Butland BK, Strachan DP. Asthma onset and relapse in adult life: the British 1958 birth cohort study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2007;98(4):337-343.
Butland BK, Fehily AM, Elwood PC. Diet, lung function, and lung function decline in a cohort of 2512 middle aged men. Thorax 2000;55(2):102-108.
Butland BK, Strachan DP, Lewis S, Bynner J, Butler N, Britton J. Investigation into the increase in hay fever and eczema at age 16 observed between the 1958 and 1970 British birth cohorts. BMJ 1997;315(7110):717-721.
Professor Ben Armstrong (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK).
Professor Paul Wilkinson (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK).
Barbara Nicholas is a tutor on the Case Analysis Project. This project is an element of assessment of the Medicine MBBS course.